Baliospermum montanum | Danti | Red Physic Nut

Baliospermum montanum

Euphorbiaceae

  • English : Red Physic Nut, Wild Castor, Wild Croton, Wild Sultan Seed,
  • Sanskrit : Hastidanti, Danti, Erandaphala, Erandhapatrika, Nikumbha, Dantika, Dirgha,
  • Kannada : Kaduharalu, Danti, Kaduharalu
  • Hindi : Jangli jamalgota (trade name), Danti,
  • Malayalam : Dantika, Katalavanakku, Nagadanti,
  • Tamil : Kattamankku, Shimaiamanakku, Nakatanti, Niradimuthi, Pey-amanakku, Nela Jidi,
  • Telugu : Adaviamudamu, kondaamudamu, Erradundiga, Ettadundiga,
  • Ayurveda : Danti, Dravanti,
  • Arabic : Habbussalantinebarri
  • Persian : Bedanjirekhatai

 

Indian Deththa (ඉන්දියන් දැත්ත)

Plant Information – Growth, Importance

Baliospermum montanum or Danti is a common medicinal plant that is mostly distributed in greater parts Northern and North-central parts of India (Especially sub-Himalayan areas – Kashmir to Meghalaya including Bihar, West Bengal, Chota Nagpur) & some areas Indomalesiya region.

However, Nowadays Baliospermum montanum can be seen in some other countries. Danti well grows in shade, humid climate, drain soil & between 6.5 PH 7.5 PH soil.  These most areas tropical & sub-tropical which receiving annual rainfall more than 1000mm.

Danti is an undershrub, which grows maximum up to 1.8 meters in heights, an abundance of plant branches is erected from the roots. Oblong – ovate, Sinuate-toothed leaves are 12-25cm long and 6-13 cm wide. On the Base of the leaves, Beside the stem can see two tiny thorns &  apex are acute. Generally, the upper leaves are small, and the lower leaves are larger and sometimes palmately 3-5 lobed.  

Axillary racemed Flowers are unisexual most of them male flowers and there are few female flowers. Flowers occur from August to March. Fruits can be seen after a month of flowering. Capsule-shape, mottled fruits 8-13mm long & oily seeds use for many medicinal purposes.

Caution

Danti root may contain toxicity, You need to follow the suggested procedure in Ayurveda before using the Danti roots.

Medicinal Uses

Danti or Baliospermum montanum roots, leaves, seed, seed oils are used for treating many ailments since a long time ago.

In nature, roots are considered pungent & diuretic and it has carminative, anthelmintic, purgative properties. Its use for treating abdominal tumors, hemorrhoids, enlarged spleen, constipation, abdominal pain, piles, helminthic infestation. Roots contain baliospermin & montanin, in Ayurveda, it takes for treatments. 

Further roots used for jaundice, dropsy, scabies.general anasarca, scabies, leucoedema. Paste prepared from the root is works for piles & swellings. Root and seed oil is cathartic and antidropsical. 

Danti leaves are specially taken to treat asthma and leaves juice to apply on cuts, it helps to stop bleeding. Further leaves can be used as a bandage. The decoction of leaves has the purgative ability.

Seeds contain axillarenic acid it has active & purgative ability. In rheumatism, seed oils apply externally. Seeds help to treat as an antidote for snakebites.

The number of Researches confirms that this plant has medicinal values to use in the treatment of several ailments. The medicinal properties of Baliospermum montanum are anti-microbial, anticancer, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic,

Laxative, anti-worm, purgative, diuretic, rubefacient, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, antioxidant.

People take Danti Powder Along with jaggery for constipation and intestinal worms and as an appetizer. Also, Powder paste applied for joint pains because it can balance the Vata in the body. Danti Powder with honey work for piles, pains, inflammations.

  • Other Medicinal Uses of Baliospermum montanum

    • Anorexia • Anemia • Bronchitis • Conjunctivitis • Constipation • Calculus • Diarrhea • Dyspnoea • Dermic Affections • Fever • Hemorrhoids • Itching • Inflammations • Joint Pain • Leprosy • Leucoderma • Skin Disorders • Suppurative Ulcers

  • Parts Used

    Leaves, Roots, Seeds/Seeds Oil,

Baliospermum montanum
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